Academic essays and publications.

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Featured in the Spring 2021 issue of ArabLit Quarterly, this essay delineates the musical theories of Al-Kindi, Al-Farabi and Ibn Khaldun and the concept of 'Divine nostalgia'; that is, the evocation of God's unity through the synthesis of multiple musical elements into unified chords and compositions.

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Awarded a commendation in the international Muhyiddin Ibn 'Arabi Society Young Writers Award 2019, this paper examines Ibn 'Arabi's references to the Moon as a metaphor for man becoming illuminated by the light of the Sun (God). It compares the astronomical process of the Moon's illumination over the course of twenty-eight days to Ibn Arabi's notion of the twenty-eight spiritual waystations, concluding that the Full Moon can be thought to represent the perfectly 'polished mirror' that shines with the Divine attributes.

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An undergraduate dissertation, awarded a First Class mark, on emergent forms of spirituality on social media apps such as TikTok (focusing particularly on 'WitchTok' and 'Reality Shifting') as reflections of Western secularism and 'disenchantment'.

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An independent research project exploring the Islamic philosopher Al-Kindi's rejection of the Christian Trinity, and resolutions to this conflict inspired by Syriac Christian  theology and Neoplatonic mysticism.


A commentary on Al-Kindi's treatise 'On The Quiddity of Sleep and Dream'. Heavily influenced by the work of Aristotle, the text offers a mystical perspective on the nature of dreams and the Imagination as an intermediary between the world of the senses and the Divine. 


A detailed commentary and analysis of the Medieval Islamic philosopher Al-Kindi’s magical treatise ‘On Rays’.